Apr 12, 2019

Wood Filament (3D Printing) – Explained & Compared

The speed rate of filament development is actually fascinating. Amongst the younger, hottest developments is wood filament. We'll take a closer look at what exactly is it, and some of the market's most popular choices.

Wood Filament (3D Printing) The Woody World of 3D Printing

SppTimberfill filament. Source: 3D FilaPrint

Wood 3D printing was born around 2012. The first filaments were PLA-based filaments with integrated sawdust. The early experiments, however, showed that sawdust wasn’t the best solution for either wood 3D printing nor wood filaments.

These days, wood filament is still PLA-based, but the wood is instead integrated in the form of wooden fibers. Many different types of wood have emerged, as well! You can now choose between birch, coconut, bamboo, timber, cedar, and many others. Typically, wood filaments contain 70% PLA and 30% wooden fibers, but it all really depends on the filament manufacturer.

Despite this seemingly low fraction of wood, we guarantee you’ll be impressed with just how wood-like the resulting prints feel. From texture to smell, everything feels very real. This means wood 3D printed parts can be treated as real wood. In other words, it’s safe to sand the parts and apply different paints and coatings.

One thing to keep in mind that you might not be aware of is the smell of melting wood filaments. During printing, it basically smells like burning wood. So be sure to have proper ventilation and to stay out of the room during the whole print. You don’t want to breathe in the fumes!

In the following paragraphs, we present some of the best and most popular wood 3D printing filaments.

Wood Filament (3D Printing) Fillamentum: Timberfill

100% biodegradable wood-like filament. Source: fillamentum.com

The Fillamentum Timberfill is PLA-based, 100% biodegradable wood filament. Timberfill offers excellent surface finish, making the parts really look like they’re carved out of wood.

Besides great mechanical properties for a wood filament, Timberfill also does a pretty decent job of hiding the layers. It comes in four different colors, which enables the top-notch look of final printed parts.

  • Composition: 70% PLA and 30% wood
  • Color options: Champagne, Cinnamon, Rosewood and Light Wood Tone
  • Diameter: 1.75 mm or 2.85 mm
  • Spool size: 1 kg, but you get 750 g of the material itself
  • Price: $49.00
  • Printing temperatures: 170-185 °C hot end and 50-60 °C heated bed
To Fill Up on Timber

Timberfill

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Wood Filament (3D Printing) Colorfabb: woodFill & corkFill

Colorfabb's woodFill & corkFill wood filaments made from 70% PLA and 30% bio wood fiber. Source: Colorfabb

Arguably one of the most exclusive FDM filament manufacturers is the Dutch firm ColorFabb. ColorFabb’s filaments are amongst the most expensive on the market, but they’re certainly worth it. As you’d expect from a premium filament, the surface finish of the final parts is stunning. The filaments smell nice and are relatively easy to print with.

If you wish to post-process your parts printed with either corkFill or woodFill, you can freely do so. Both of the filaments are easily sanded and can therefore provide an even better surface finish.

If you have a large enough budget, we highly recommend you try these phenomenal filaments.

  • Composition: 70% PLA and 30% wood
  • Wood options: Pinewood and Cork
  • Diameter: 1.75 mm or 2.85 mm
  • Spool size: 600 or 1800 g of woodFill & 600 or 2000 g of corkFill
  • Price: $45.00 for the smaller spools and $106.00 for the larger spools
  • Printing temperature: 195-220 °C hot end for woodFill, 210-230 °C hot end for corkFill, and 50-60 °C heated bed for both (but not strictly necessary)
Put Some Wood in It

woodFill

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Put a Cork in It

corkFill

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Wood Filament (3D Printing) FormFutura: EasyWood

Seven different EasyWood filaments. Source: FormFutura

FormFutura is a Dutch filament manufacturer which offers up to seven different kinds of wood filament called EasyWood. It comes in seven different colors and is claimed to be a warp-free filament.

A reasonable price and a large selection of colors make this filament a rather alluring choice for your venture into 3D printing wood.

  • Composition: 60% PLA and 40% wood
  • Wood options: Pine, Cedar, Olive, Coconut, Willow, Ebony and Birch
  • Diameter: 1.75 mm or 2.85 mm
  • Spool size: 500 g of the filament itself
  • Price: $30.00
  • Printing temperature: 200-240 °C hot end and 0-60 °C heated bed
For the Perfect Wood Form

EasyWood

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Wood Filament (3D Printing) Filamentive: Eco-Friendly Wood Filament

Light & dark PLA-based wood filaments. Source: Filamentive

Filamentive is a pioneer in recyclable filaments, offering a wide range of recyclable filaments. At the moment, the company offers two different colors of wood filament. Since the company’s philosophy is all about the importance of recycled materials, the filament comes on a cardboard spool inside a cardboard box, all of which can be recycled!

Looking at the reviews of the Filamentive wood filaments reveals very positive customer feedback. Lots of people seem to compliment this filament for it printing like butter, which essentially means it’s a pleasant experience to use this filament.

  • Composition: 60% PLA and 40% wood
  • Color options: Light and Dark
  • Diameter: 1.75 mm or 2.85 mm
  • Spool size: 750 g of the filament itself
  • Price: $47.00
  • Printing temperature: 200-230 °C hot end and 0 °C or 40-60 °C heated bed
Inventive Vine

Eco-Friendly Wood Filament

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Wood Filament (3D Printing) Hatchbox: 4 Great Wood PLA's

1 kg spool of Hatchbox PLA-based 1.75 mm wood filament. Source: Hatchbox

Hatchbox is quite a popular name in the filament world, so it’s not a surprise that the company is competing for a piece of the cake in the wood filament market. What’s great about Hatchbox’s wood filament is that it can be easily sanded, and it doesn’t necessarily require a heated bed to print with it. Smells nice, prints nice, looks nice, all for a reasonable price. What more could you ask for?

  • Composition: 60% PLA and 40% wood
  • Color options: Wood, Wood Black, Wood Brown
  • Diameter: 1.75 mm and 2.85 mm
  • Spool size: 1 kg of the filament itself
  • Price: $34.99
  • Printing temperature: 180-220 °C hot end and 0-60 °C heated bed
A Hack on Wood

Hatchbox Wood

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Feature image source: 3DWithUs

License: The text of "Wood Filament (3D Printing) – Explained & Compared" by All3DP is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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