Since its release in early 2017, the Wanhao Duplicator 7 (a.k.a. “Wanhao D7”) caused quite a stir in the DLP 3D printer market. Getting a working DLP printer for under $500 was sensational then. Since then, the printer sold hundreds of units worldwide.
Compared to FDM 3D printers, resin-driven DLP machines are capable of printing smaller objects with the most intricate details – so other manufacturers have jumped on the bandwagon. Still, the Wanhao Duplicator 7 is one of the most affordable DLP machines available on the market and has just currently got some competition from the Anycubic Photon.
The specifications of the Wanhao D7 3D Printer look similar to most DLP 3D printers.
The printer comes assembled, you just have to mount the build plate and add the resin. You can use open-source software (i.e. NanoDLP), so you don’t need to buy anything besides the occasional resin tank replacement and the resins themselves. For convenience, most users recommend buying a Raspberry Pi 3 to free up your computer from 3D printing duties.
Before we break down the special features of the printer, let’s dive into its different versions.
There are two different versions of the Wanhao Duplicator 7 on the market.
First, Wanhao updated the original 3D printer to version 1.5 in December 2017. The changes are minor and can be considered more to be internal revisions of the machine to make it more reliable.
Secondly, there’s the “Wanhao Duplicator 7 Plus”. In addition to the D7’s current specs, the new Plus version points out four changes:
All in all, the Duplicator 7 Plus aims at the market of jewelers and dentists, whereas the Duplicator 7 is more a semiprofessional hobbyist machine.
First of all, the Wanhao Duplicator 7 3D printer is a DLP machine. This technology differs from the more common FDM 3D printing.
Instead of melting plastic filament in a heated nozzle, DLP and SLA printers use liquid resins that are cured by light. The resins are stored in a tank. The build plate dips into this tank to build the desired object. But whereas SLA 3D printers (i.e. Formlabs Form 2) use a laser beam to harden the liquid resin, DLP printers use a technology called Digital Light Processing. The project a whole image of a layer (like a beamer would) that cures the resin. Once the resin is hardened, the build plate moves up and the projector then displays the next slice of the object.
The benefit of a DLP printer is that it can print highly detailed objects. As you can imagine, the screen resolution is the important part of any DLP 3D printer. The Anycubic Photon offers 1440 x 2560 resolution, which is considered good.
Please be advised resin-based 3D printers are not suitable for beginners. And even in the field of SLA / DLP printers, the D7 3D printer isn’t considered a plug-and-play machine, even by its dearest fans. Post-processing involves washing the prints with ethanol, curing them, cleaning the build plate – it’s a messy process. Also, the smell is not pleasant.
Wanhao provides a range of resins for the Duplicator 7. A bottle will set you back $40 roughly.
Of course, you’re not stuck with the resins provided by the manufacturer. If you want to buy additional resins, make sure they are working with an active wavelength of 405 nanometers.
There’s an exhaustive list at 3D printer wiki, collected by D7 users. They found out that you also can use some UV-curable resins that go down to a wavelength of 380 nanometers. This gives you access to castable wax resins, extra strong materials, and even industrial-grade materials.
No printer is perfect, and the D7 is no exception. Here are some drawbacks the Wanhao D7 3D printing community ran into:
The price for DLP machines has significantly lowered over time. The prices for desktop DLP printers range from $400 for a Anycubic Photon to a SprintRay Moonray D/S for $4000 or even a machine like the Nyomo Makyn 6 for $9000. With a price of roughly $400, it is currently one of the cheapest DLP printers available.
Also check the price for the Monoprice Mini SLA 3D printer because it’s very similar to the Wanhao D7.
You will find additional information on the Wanhao Duplicator 7 3D Printer on the company’s website. Also, the Wanhao Duplicator D7 Facebook group provides valuable support and ideas regarding troubleshooting, modifications, resins, and printer profiles.
License: The text of "2018 Wanhao Duplicator 7 (D7) – Review the Specs" by All3DP is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
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